What Is Core Type And Shell Type Transformer, Construction Of Core & Shell Type Transformer

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What Is Core Type And Shell Type Transformer, Construction Of Core & Shell Type Transformer

Topics to be covered

01. What is the core type transformer?
02. What is the shell type transformer?
03. Construction of core type transformer?
04. Construction of shell-type transformer?

What Is The Core Type Transformer?

A core type transformer is a type of transformer that consists of a single magnetic circuit and has two limbs (limbs mean a vertical portion of the core is called limb). In this type of transformer two coils are placed separately on a different limb. For high voltage and low rating, core type transformers are used. In the case of the core type, natural cooling is possible.

What Is The Shell Type Transformer?

A shell-type transformer is also a type of transformer that consists of a double magnetic circuit and it has three limbs. But coils are placed on one limb i.e., central limb. For low voltage and high ratings, shell type transformer is used. Cooling is not effective in shell type

Construction Of Core Type Transformer?

Now I will discuss step by step how core type transformers are constructed.


What Is Core Type And Shell Type Transformer, Construction Of Core & Shell Type Transformer


01. The figure shows a schematic representation of the core-type transformer whereas figure b shows the actual view of the core type transformer.

02. The coils used are of cylindrical type, wound in helical layers with different layers insulated from each other by using insulation like paper or mica.

03. Both the coil of cylindrical type are placed on both the limbs, the low voltage coil is placed near to the core whereas the high voltage coil is placed above the low voltage coil because to reduce insulation cost. Now I will explain how it will reduce costs. Consider, two cases:

Case 01: Low voltage winding near to limb and a transformer of 110 kV / 33 kV.

Total insulation required to withstand voltage = Insulation required to withstand voltage near core + Insulation required to isolate high and low voltage winding

= 33 KV + (110 - 33)
= 33 + 77 
= 110 KV 

Therefore, if low voltage winding is placed on a limb first, then the insulation required is to withstand 110 kV voltage.


Case 02: High voltage winding near to limb.

Total insulation required to withstand voltage = Insulation required to withstand voltage near core + Insulation required to isolate high and low voltage winding

= 110 kV + (110 - 33)
= 110 + 77
= 187 kV

Therefore, if high voltage winding is placed on a limb, then the insulation required is to withstand 187 kV voltage.

So, always low voltage winding is placed near to the core. If the voltage is more then more insulation is required which increases the cost.

04. The core in the transformer is made up of thin laminations.

05. By removing top yoke (yoke mean the horizontal portion of the core is called yoke) the coil can be removed easily for maintenance.

06. Interleaved connections of coils are made. Interleaved connected means part of the primary winding is placed on the first limb and also on the second limb & the part of the secondary winding is placed on the second limb and also on the first limb because to avoid leakage flux. If the primary coil is placed only on one limb then leakage flux will be more to avoid leakage flux interleaved connections are made.

07. Concentrated winding means both the coils(low voltage winding and high voltage winding) of the transformer are placed one over the other by providing proper insulation.

Construction Of Shell Type Transformer?

01. In this type of transformer, both the coils are placed in the central limb. This type of transformer consists of 3 limbs.

02. In this type of transformer, sandwich coils or multilayer disc type coils are used. sandwich coils mean that in the middle limb, some part of the primary winding is wounded and then some part of the secondary winding is wounded then after secondary winding again some part of the primary winding is wounded then again secondary winding is wounded this method is called a sandwich winding or we can also say alternate layers of primary and secondary coils wound on the central limb.

03. In the case of the sandwich-type of winding, the insulation requirement is more compared to the core type of winding.

04. For high voltage transformer, the shell type of transformer is most preferred.

05. If you want to remove coil for maintenance then a large number of laminations you need to remove.

06. Figure (a) shows representation and figure(b) shows an actual view of a transformer.

What Is Core Type And Shell Type Transformer, Construction Of Core & Shell Type Transformer


I hope this article may help you all a lot.

Thank You For Reading...... Bye.....

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