# Circuit Breaker Ratings Calculation

Hello guys, welcome back to my blog. In this article, I will discuss how to calculate the rating of a circuit breaker for loads. I will try to explain in an easy way and I will share a very easy method to calculate the rating of the circuit breaker.

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Nowadays circuit breaker plays a very important role in protection. The circuit breakers are used to interrupt or isolate the circuit under short circuit and overload conditions. Many electricians face problems while doing house wiring they don't understand which type of rating of the circuit breaker is suitable for the home, in some cases they use different ratings of circuit breaker which makes problems in the future.

Selecting a proper rating of the circuit breaker is very important because if any fault occurs then the circuit breaker will trip immediately. For the lighting circuits, 5 to 6 amps rating wires are used if the electrician connects 15 amps circuit breaker in series then the circuit breaker will not trip if 8 to 10 overload current flows through the wire, which causes burning of wires.

First I will explain for a single-phase, then I will how to calculate for a three-phase load.

Circuit Breaker Rating Calculation For Single Phase

In a single-phase, I will show you how to calculate a current rating for the circuit breaker for both lighting circuits and heating circuits. What are the lighting circuit and heating circuit? The lighting loads means fans, lights, TV which are connected to lighting circuit and for the heating circuit, heaters, washing machines, etc are connected.

The appliances which consume more power are connected to the heating circuit. For the heating circuit, a separate circuit is made.

For Lighting Circuit

Assume, your house has some loads like four tube lights of 40 watts, two ceiling fans of 80 watts, and some other loads consider 400 watts. Now first calculate the total connected load of the house. We will ignore the power factor, you can also consider the power factor as 0.8, but I will ignore the power factor.

Total load = (4*40) + (2*80) + 400 = 160 + 160 + 400 = 720 watts.
Single-phase voltage = 230 volts
Factor of safety = 1.25 ( For future demand)

Current = Total load / Voltage

= 720 / 230 = 3.13 Amps * 1.25 (safety)
= 3.9125 Amps

The circuit breaker rating to be used is 5 amps because 3.9125 amps circuit breaker is not available in the market. For lighting circuit, 5 amps circuit breaker is to be used.

For Heating Circuit

Assume, your house has some loads like heater(1000 watts), washing machine(1000 watts), fridge(1000 watts), etc which are connected to the heating circuit. Now first calculate the total connected load of the house.

Total load = 1000 + 1000 + 1000 = 3000 watts.
Single-phase voltage = 230 volts
Factor of safety = 1.25 ( For future demand)

Current = Total load / Voltage

= 3000 / 230 = 13,04 Amps * 1.25
= 16.30 Amps

The circuit breaker for the heating circuit should be of 16 Amps rating. The 16 Amps circuit breaker is available in the market.

Circuit Breaker Rating Calculation For Three-Phase

Everything is the same only the formula for three-phase is different. P = Root three * V * I.

Power Factor = 0.8
Voltage = 440 volts

Convert KW to KVA.

KVA = KW / pf = (40 * 1000) / 0.8
= 50 KVA

Current = Connected load / ( Root Three * Voltage)
= 50,000 / ( 1.73 * 440) = 65.68 Amps

Current = 65.68 * 1.25 (factor of safety)
= 82.1 Amps

Therefore, the circuit breaker of 100 Amps should be used because 82.1 Amps circuit breaker is not available in the market.