What Is Squirrel Cage Induction Motor, Working Principle, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages

Hello guys, welcome back to my blog. In this article, I will discuss what is squirrel cage induction motor, the working principle of squirrel cage induction motor, applications of squirrel cage induction motor, advantages of squirrel cage induction motor, disadvantages of squirrel cage induction motor, etc.

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What Is Squirrel Cage Induction Motor, Working Principle, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages


What Is Squirrel Cage Induction Motor

Introduction


Squirrel cage induction motor is one of the types of 3 phase induction motor, which works under the principle of electromagnetism. It is called a squirrel cage motor because the rotor which is present in this motor looks like a squirrel cage. This motor will be cylindrical in shape which is laminated by steel and it is having highly conductive metals like aluminum and copper.  

rotor construction of squirrel cage induction motor


The big advantage of a squirrel cage induction motor is, we can change its speed-torque characteristics easily. It can be done by adjusting the shape of bars that are present in the rotor.

Construction




It mainly contains 4 parts;

01. Stator

The stator contains 3 phase winding with a core. Stator windings will be placed in such a way that they should be 120° apart from each, both Electrically and mechanically. This winding will be mounted on a laminated iron core in order to provide a low reluctance path for flux and AC currents. 

stator lamination

02. Rotor

The rotor is the rotating part of the motor which gives a mechanical output. The rotor contains shaft, short-circuited aluminum or copper bars, and a core. The core will be laminated to avoid losses like eddy current and hysteresis losses. The rated output of the motor will be given on the nameplate in terms of horsepower.

symbolic representation of rotor

03. Fan


The fan will be connected at the backside of the rotor Just to provide heat exchange. It maintains the temperature of the motor.

04. Bearings

These are provided as a base for the motion of the rotor. It helps the motor to keep a smooth rotation.

Working Principle Of Squirrel Cage Induction Motor


When we supply 3 phase AC power to the stator winding, it sets up a rotating magnetic field and this field will have the constant speed, which is called as synchronous speed. 

This rotating magnetic field produces the voltage in the rotor and due to this, current starts to flow in the rotor bars. These currents will generate their self-magnetic field. This field interacts with the stator field. Rotor field will try to oppose current and hence rotor starts to follow the rotating magnetic field.

The rotor current drops to zero when the rotor catches the rotating magnetic field, as there is no relative motion between the rotating magnetic field and the rotor. At this moment the rotor will experience zero tangential force. Therefore rotor decelerates for the moment. Then the relative motion between the rotor and rotating magnetic field will re-establishes, due to this the rotor current will be induced again. The tangential force of rotation of the rotor will be restored again. Then the rotor starts to follow the rotating magnetic field again. This rotor tries to maintain a constant speed.

Slip is the difference between the speed of the rotating magnetic field and rotor speed. 

Frequency of the rotor current= slip× supply frequency

Applications Of Squirrel Cage Induction Motor


  1. It is used in lathes and other turning equipment.
  2. Used in large blowers and fans.
  3. It is used in machine tools.
  4. Used in the industrial drive.

Advantages Of Squirrel Cage Induction Motor


  1. Cheaper cost. 
  2. Less maintenance.
  3. Good quality of speed regulation.
  4. High efficiency. 
  5. Better heat regulation.
  6. Explosion-proof.

Disadvantages Of Squirrel Cage Induction Motor




  1. Poor speed control.
  2. Having a high starting current and poor starting torque.
  3. Energy consumption is more.
  4. More sensitive to fluctuations.
I hope this article may help you all a lot. Thank you for reading.

Tag: What Is Squirrel Cage Induction Motor, Working Principle, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages.